Tag Archives: equality

Society of Esteem: Etruscan economy / Wertschätzungsgesellschaft: Etruskische Wirtschaft

The Etruscans lived in autonomous city states all over ancient Italy but were intensely connected with each other. This is one secret as to why the Etruscans could live peacefully.

Their other secret for peace was a highly developed and equitable economy which served the whole community and society and not just certain groups of people.

The Etruscan economy is a great example for being equitable and efficient. They realized that each city state had its own resources such as gold or olive oil. By trading their goods very efficiently between the city states each of them could take advantage of the specialized knowledge of the others and of their products.

A society of esteem is based on the same esteem for all persons and for all activities. Giving the same esteem also toward all products and all knowledge creates equality in trading.

No resource is held back, all knowledge is shared and all products are fairly traded.

——————————————————————————————————————

Die Etrusker lebten in autonomen Stadtstaaten überall im antiken Italien, aber sie waren intensivst miteinander verbunden. Dies ist eines der Geheimnisse weil die Etrusker friedlich miteinander leben konnten.

Ihr anderes Geheimnis bezüglich Frieden war eine hoch entwickelte und gerechte Wirtschaft, die der gesamten Gemeinschaft und Gesellschaft diente, nicht nur einigen ausgewählten Gruppen von Menschen.

Die etruskische Wirtschaft ist ein grossartiges Beispiel für Gerechtigkeit und Effizienz. Die Etrusker verstanden, dass jeder Stadtstaat seine eigenen Ressourcen hat, wie zum Beispiel Gold oder Oliven. Indem sie diese Güter auf effiziente Weise untereinander austauschten, konnte jeder Stadtstaat vom spezialisierten Wissen und von den Produkten der anderen profitieren.

Eine Wertschätzungsgesellschaft basiert auf der gleichen Wertschätzung für alle Menschen und für alle Aktivitäten. Handelsgerechtigkeit kann erschaffen werden, indem man jedem Produkt und jedem Wissen die gleiche Wertschätzung entgegenbringt. Keine Ressource wird zurückgehalten, jedes Wissen wird geteilt und alle Güter werden fair gehandelt.

Society of Esteem: Etruscan gender equality

In the last post we wrote about the fresco of an Etruscan banquet.  We focused on the fact that it shows both men and women sitting at the same table.

Greek or Latin commentaries of this unusual behavior speak very negatively about the Etruscans.  According to those ancient texts the Etruscan culture was decadent and rotten.  Why?  Because all the Etruscan women seem to be prostitutes – they sit at the same table with men. 

In both Roman and Greek cultures only prostitutes sat at the same table with men.  For women it was forbidden to eat together with their husbands, fathers, brothers and friends if they didn’t want to lose their reputation.

The Etruscans didn’t have the same gender rules.  In Etruscan culture women and men received the same esteem.  It was normal for women and men to eat together.

There are other archaeological findings which demonstrate this culture of gender equality.  Another strong proof for such an esteemful living of women and men is a well-known sculpture of an Etruscan couple.   

This terra cotta sarcophagus lid shows what appears to be a man and his wife reclining on a dining couch eating a meal or having a quiet moment after supper. Both figures are propped up on their left elbow with the man close behind the woman. Both faces share a secret, tender smile.  Such an artful expression of closeness and tenderness between man and woman was unknown in ancient Roman and Greek culture. 

 
According to the idea of the Society of Esteem we can state that the Etruscan culture seemingly had a unique social intercourse at their time.  The Etruscans treated each other equally – independent of the gender.  Everyone, woman or man, received the same esteem.